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Child Development

Written by Elif Ibrahim on . Posted in Elif Ibrahim


Elif IbrahimChild development refers to the physical, social/emotional, language, and cognitive development of a child.  These changes occur between birth and the end of adolescence. The individual develops from dependence to increasing independence.

The child mind is sensitive to its surroundings and the different types of communication that the child interacts with throughout the childhood. There are different theory’s which attempt to explain and resonate with the reasoning or explanation to what the cause of this is, as well as how this can be used to manipulate the child into learning, reacting, or behaving in a certain way.

An example of the three theories is, the Gardner theory, Sternberg theory, and the IPM theory. The Gardner theory suggests that everyone is intelligent in their own way, the second suggesting that the child can advance and develop their three general intelligences, and the third explaining the intelligence relating to perception and the way that children learn better kinesthetically.

Children are a very accurate way to experiment and test such theories based on the fact that children are reactive to situations relating to the theories being discussed and compared. The theories have been seen to be experienced throughout the educational program being monitored and examined to come to conclusions regarding what the best ways to teach children are based on the desired results and outcomes.

Daily schedules are currently being incorporated into an ECE program. This increases the high performance in curriculum. Having a daily schedule allows the children to learn more in a day rather then free play indoors. Having a daily schedule allows the children to use their time wisely to have more knowledge rather than free play, and circle time. The current daily schedule provides the children with a work period, circle time, outdoor play twice a day, group snacks, and age appropriate activities in the classroom, outdoors, or gym. Another incorporation that is being incorporated is involving the children active learning. For example, the kitchen. Most children enjoy this activity because they are interested in housekeeping, and arts.

The first theory focuses on the concept that everyone is equally as intelligent, however everyone is intelligent in their own way with their own strengths and weaknesses that come naturally to everyone. This means that in order to teach every intelligence category of the mind, the teacher must adjust to the student rather than the student adjusting. This is good for programs because everyone is seen as intelligent in their own way, however not good for the educator who has to adjust and cater to everyones different learning preferences.

The second theory suggests that children can advance and develop their three general intelligences and manipulate them to whatever they are being taught. This theory suggests that the child will adjust to the teaching style of the educator and will be able to adapt to any style. This is good because the educator is able to teach in the style of their leasure while the child has to adapt to themselves to the style of learning however can be a problem for students who struggle with learning from specific teaching styles.

The third theory explored explains the concept of perception as well as the kinesthetic learning advantage of children. The theory explains that everyone has their own ways of perceiving situations and materials being taught to them and the concept that kinesthetic approaches to learning are more ensuring of the child retaining the knowledge being presented to them. This is a good theory because many children have the ability to easily learn the material at hand by using a kinesthetic hands on approach, however this theory can be a problem based on the fact that everyone perceives things differently in their own way and the educator may find this difficult when the situation involves teaching something factual and not opinion based.


Elif Ibrahim

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